Glossary

A

Automotive infotainment system

It is also known as an in-vehicle infotainment (IVI) system. It is a collection of hardware and software in vehicles for entertainment, either video or audio. It originated with car audio systems such as radios and cassette players and now further includes navigation systems, video players, connectivity, etc.

Adaptable architecture

Adaptability is the ability to adapt and adjust to changes. If a system has an adaptable architecture, it can change its structure or behaviours according to the requirements.

B

Behavior pattern

In the context of marketing and retail, a behavior pattern often refers to a consumer behavior pattern which is a series of behaviors that consumers do before making a purchase. Identifying and understanding this pattern helps businesses communicate better with their customers.

C

Connected car

A connected car is a car with Internet access that can communicate, especially data, with systems outside the car. There are various types of connectivity, from vehicle-to-vehicle and vehicle-to-infrastructure to vehicle-to-cloud and, ultimately, vehicle-to-everything. It can be considered as part of the Internet of Things in a broader sense.

Conniro

Conniro™ is an integrated solution for a connected car that incorporates products for intelligence, personalization, and connectivity. It provides a differentiated driving experience for drivers and passengers and enables carmakers to flexibly respond to changes in the mobility environment.

Cross-platform

Cross-platform can be interpreted as platform-independent. For example, a cross-platform application may run on Windows, Linux, or macOS.

D

Driver/Interior monitoring system

A driver monitoring system is a vehicle safety system that monitors the alertness of a driver. It recognizes a driver, monitors the driver’s state, and alert if the driver seems drowsy or distracted. On the other hand, an interior monitoring system monitors the state of all occupants onboard – not only the driver, but also the passengers. In addition to safety, the interior monitoring system enhances comfort and convenience.

F

Functional safety

Functional safety is a part of the overall safety of a system that is responsible for correct operation of the system in response to inputs or failures. Its objective is to remove unacceptable risk of injury or damage to people. ISO 26262, titled “Road vehicles – Functional safety”, is the automotive-specific international standard for functional safety.

H

HMI

Abbreviation of human-machine interface. On this website, it refers to any user interface to handle interactions between a person and a car. It usually includes hardware and software components to translate user inputs into signals so that the machine can understand. They also mediate and output the result processed by the machine in a way that the user can understand.

M

MaaS

Abbreviation of mobility-as-a-service. It is basically a shift of the concept of mobility from using personally-owned vehicles towards being provided with it as a service. In more practical terms, it can be seen as a mobility service on demand where a variety of transport services are integrated.

Multimodal interaction

With a system that supports multimodal interaction, a user can communicate with the system in multiple modes, such as speech, touch, and gestures.

O

OTA update

OTA stands for over-the-air. The OTA update refers to various methods of distributing software, bug fixes, firmware, apps, etc. wirelessly.

P

Personalization

Personalization is an act of tailoring a service or product to meet the needs of an individual customer, improving customer satisfaction. To personalize a service or product, a company may use the information that it has learned about the customer.

Platform ecosystem

A platform ecosystem is a community of entities interacting each other based on a platform. The members of an ecosystem may be individuals, organizations, or businesses, and they all create values that somehow affect the others. Within the platform ecosystem, the members complement each other.

Point of interest (POI)

A point of interest (POI) is a specific geographical point that one may find useful or interesting. A POI service can recommend nearby POIs to a user, and the more the recommendation is relevant and helpful, the more the user will be satisfied.

S

Scalability

If a system is said scalable, it means it can adapt to the growing workload following the increase in size, for example, the number of users.

Shared mobility

Shared mobility is, as the term itself indicates, the shared use of a transportation mode, for example, a vehicle. It allows users to get access to transportation services on an as-needed basis. Since it contributes to enhanced access to transportation, less driving, and a decline of personally-owned cars, it is known to yield benefits in various perspectives – environmentally, socially, etc.

Software solution

On this website, a software solution refers to a package of software products and services provided for businesses that are gathered to solve business issues and meet customer needs. It aimas at, ultimately, delivering new values to end users’ life.

T

Targeted advertising

Targeted advertising is a form of advertising that places advertisements based on demographics, history, or previous behaviors of consumers. It focuses on those who are likely to be interested in a product or service that is being promoted, rather than wasting resources for all.

W

webOS Auto

An IVI system based on webOS which has been proved in LG smart TVs and digital signage devices. It provides features and functionalities to offer comfort and convenience to passengers.

White-label

A white-label product is a product or service that is produced by one company and then rebranded by another, so that it seems as if it is made by the second one. In that sense, a white-labellable platform is a platform that can be fully tailored by companies who adopt it to fit their brand strategy.