Glossary

A

Adaptable architecture

Adaptability is the ability to adapt and adjust to changes. If a system has an adaptable architecture, it can change its structure or behaviours according to the requirements.

ADAS

Abbreviation of advanced driver assistance systems. ADAS are electronic systems in a vehicle that assist drivers in driving and parking functions1). For safety of cars and pedestrians, ADAS often use advanced technologies, such as sensors and cameras, that help prevent errors and accidents.

Around view monitor

An around view monitor (AVM) provides a virtual bird’s eye view image by processing images from four separate cameras. It helps drivers get to understand the circumstances around the vehicle at a glance.

Automotive infotainment system

It is also known as an in-vehicle infotainment (IVI) system. It is a collection of hardware and software in vehicles for entertainment, either video or audio. It originated with car audio systems such as radios and cassette players and now further includes navigation systems, video players, connectivity, etc.

AVN

Abbreviation of audio, video, and navigation. These are the basic features of a traditional in-vehicle infotainment (IVI) system. However, the modern, and future, IVI systems have far more and advanced features than AVN, thanks to technology development such as growing connectivity and high-quality multimedia playback.

1) https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Advanced_driver-assistance_systems

B

Behavior pattern

In the context of marketing and retail, a behavior pattern often refers to a consumer behavior pattern which is a series of behaviors that consumers do before making a purchase. Identifying and understanding this pattern helps businesses communicate better with their customers.

C

Center information display

A center information display (CID) refers to a display positioned in the front seats that integrates the AVN functions and can display and control the state of other in-vehicle equipment.

Cockpit Simulator

The Cockpit Simulator of Conniro DMS can simulate various vehicle cockpits according to different specifications by car model and requirements by customer. It makes configuration test and performance verification of a DMS easy and quick.

Concierge service

Concierge services are services for driver convenience such as delivery, car wash, and refueling. Drivers can reserve, order, and pay for those services in a vehicle easily on apps.

Connected car

A connected car is a car with Internet access that can communicate, especially data, with systems outside the car. There are various types of connectivity, from vehicle-to-vehicle and vehicle-to-infrastructure to vehicle-to-cloud and, ultimately, vehicle-to-everything. It can be considered as part of the Internet of Things in a broader sense.

Conniro

Conniro™ is an integrated solution for a connected car that incorporates products for intelligence, personalization, and connectivity. It provides a differentiated driving experience for drivers and passengers and enables carmakers to flexibly respond to changes in the mobility environment.

Cross-platform

Cross-platform can be interpreted as platform-independent. For example, a cross-platform application may run on Windows, Linux, or macOS.

D

DMS

Abbreviation of driver monitoring system. A DMS is a vehicle safety system that monitors the alertness of a driver. It recognizes a driver, monitors the driver’s state, and alert if the driver seems drowsy or distracted.

E

Enhanced flash swap

Swapping is a technique that many operating systems use to provide extra memory. Enhanced Flash Swap (EFS) optimizes the lifetime of flash swap device, addressing lack of memory for consumer electronic devices.

F

FMS

Abbreviation of fleet management system. An FMS provides a centralized control point that enables mobility service providers to manage their fleet efficiently.

Full-stack

In software development, full-stack refers to an entire application that includes all the layers from the front end like UI to the back end like OS and database. Similarly, we call our webOS Auto solution as a full-stack IVI solution as it contains all the necessary elements for an IVI system from onboard software to offboard services.

Functional safety

Functional safety is a part of the overall safety of a system that is responsible for correct operation of the system in response to inputs or failures. Its objective is to remove unacceptable risk of injury or damage to people. ISO 26262, titled “Road vehicles – Functional safety”, is the automotive-specific international standard for functional safety.

G

Ground Truth System

Ground truth refers to information provided by direct observation or obtained onsite.

H

HMI

Abbreviation of human-machine interface. On this website, it refers to any user interface to handle interactions between a person and a car. It usually includes hardware and software components to translate user inputs into signals so that the machine can understand. They also mediate and output the result processed by the machine in a way that the user can understand.

Hypervisor

Hypervisor is a technique for virtualization capable of running multiple virtual machines with different OS on a single host system. In the automotive industry, it has been widely used for in-vehicle infotainment systems.

L

Lane Carpet

Lane Carpet is a feature developed using Conniro AR that spreads out a virtual carpet on the actual image of a lane where a driver should drive.

M

MaaS

Abbreviation of mobility-as-a-service. It is basically a shift of the concept of mobility from using personally-owned vehicles towards being provided with it as a service. In more practical terms, it can be seen as a mobility service on demand where a variety of transport services are integrated.

Multimodal interaction

With a system that supports multimodal interaction, a user can communicate with the system in multiple modes, such as speech, touch, and gestures.

O

Off-board service

Off-board services are services provided based on the cloud through connectivity. On this website, we specifically refers to cloud-based products and services of webOS Auto to offer content and services for the occupants in a vehicle.

On-board software

It refers to software implemented on board in a vehicle to operate the in-car systems. It includes middleware, OS, and apps like navigation and voice assistant.

OTA update

OTA stands for over-the-air. The OTA update refers to various methods of distributing software, bug fixes, firmware, apps, etc. wirelessly.

OTT service

OTT stands for over-the-top. An OTT service refers to any online media streaming service.

P

Personalization

Personalization is an act of tailoring a service or product to meet the needs of an individual customer, improving customer satisfaction. To personalize a service or product, a company may use the information that it has learned about the customer.

Platform ecosystem

A platform ecosystem is a community of entities interacting each other based on a platform. The members of an ecosystem may be individuals, organizations, or businesses, and they all create values that somehow affect the others. Within the platform ecosystem, the members complement each other.

Point of interest (POI)

A point of interest (POI) is a specific geographical point that one may find useful or interesting. A POI service can recommend nearby POIs to a user, and the more the recommendation is relevant and helpful, the more the user will be satisfied.

R

RSE

Abbreviation of rear seat entertainment. An RSE of a vehicle is a system for entertainment, such as listening to music and watching video, for occupants in the second or third row.

S

Scalability

If a system is said scalable, it means it can adapt to the growing workload following the increase in size, for example, the number of users.

Sensor fusion

Sensor fusion is a technology of processing data from multiple sensors and cameras together to achieve more accurate results from the data.

Service aggregation

Service aggregation provides a unified relay channel that enables customer companies to source a range of services without needing to contact different service providers on their own. By simplifying the channel for all service-related issues, it helps the customer companies streamline their overall business process for service provision.

Shared mobility

Shared mobility is, as the term itself indicates, the shared use of a transportation mode, for example, a vehicle. It allows users to get access to transportation services on an as-needed basis. Since it contributes to enhanced access to transportation, less driving, and a decline of personally-owned cars, it is known to yield benefits in various perspectives – environmentally, socially, etc.

Software solution

On this website, a software solution refers to a package of software products and services provided for businesses that are gathered to solve business issues and meet customer needs. It aimas at, ultimately, delivering new values to end users’ life.

Streaming

Streaming is a way of delivering multimedia content. It allows users to constantly receive and watch the multimedia content while the content is being delivered by its provider.

T

Targeted advertising

Targeted advertising is a form of advertising that places advertisements based on demographics, history, or previous behaviors of consumers. It focuses on those who are likely to be interested in a product or service that is being promoted, rather than wasting resources for all.

V

Voice assistant

A voice assistant is a virtual software agent that reacts to voice input recognized as voice commands.

W

webOS Auto

An IVI system based on webOS which has been proved in LG smart TVs and digital signage devices. It provides features and functionalities to offer comfort and convenience to passengers.

White-label

A white-label product is a product or service that is produced by one company and then rebranded by another, so that it seems as if it is made by the second one. In that sense, a white-labellable platform is a platform that can be fully tailored by companies who adopt it to fit their brand strategy.